Books are banned every day. Do you know some of the most famous examples of books that have been censored? Do you know why they’ve been challenged or banned. This list highlights some of the most famous books that have been been banned, censored, or challenged.
1. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn – Mark Twain
Published in 1884, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, by Mark Twain has been banned on social grounds. Concord Public Library called the book “trash suitable only for the slums,” when it first banned the novel in 1885. The references and treatment of African Americans in the novel reflect the time about which it was written, but some critics have thought such language inappropriate for study and reading in schools and libraries.
Adventures of Huckleberry Finn – Original Unabridged Version
2. Anne Frank: The Diary of a Young Girl
Anne Frank: The Diary of a Young Girl is an important work from World War II. The work is the diary of a young girl, Anne Frank, as she experiences the Nazi occupation. She hides with her family, but she is eventually discovered and sent to a concentration camp (where she died). This book was banned for passages that were considered “sexually offensive,” as well as for the tragic nature of the book, which some readers felt was a “real downer.”
3. Arabian Nights
The Arabian Nights is a collection of tales, which has been banned by Arab governments. Various editions of The Arabian Nights were also banned by the US Government under the Comstock Law of 1873.
4. Awakening – Kate Chopin
Kate Chopin’s novel, The Awakening (1899), is the famous tale of Edna Pontellier, who leaves her family, commits adultery, and begins to rediscover her true self–as an artist. Such an awakening is not easy, nor is it socially acceptable (particularly at the time when the book was published). The book was criticized for being immoral and scandalous. After this novel was met with such scathing reviews, Kate Chopin never wrote another novel. The Awakening is now considered an important work in feminist literature.
5. Bell Jar – Sylvia Plath
The Bell Jar is the only novel by Sylvia Plath, and it is famous not only because it offers shocking insight into her mind and art, but also because it is a coming-of-age story–told in the first person by Esther Greenwood, who struggles with her mental illness. Her suicide attempts made the book a target for book censors. (The book has been repeatedly banned and challenged for its controversial content.)
6. Brave New World – Aldous Huxley
Published in 1932, Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World has been banned with complaints about the language used, as well morality issues. Brave New World is a satirical novel, with a stringent division of the classes, drugs, and free love. The book was banned in Ireland in 1932; and the book has been banned and challenged in schools and libraries across the United States. On complaint was that the novel “centered around negative activity.”
7. Call of the Wild – Jack London
The Call of the Wild is a famous American book, by Jack London. Here, a dog reverts to his primordial impulses in the frigid wilds of the Yukon territory. The book is a popular piece for study in American literature classrooms (sometimes read in conjunction with Walden and Adventures of Huckleberry Finn). The novel was banned in Yugoslavia and Italy. In Yugoslavia, the complaint was that the book was “too radical.”
8. Color Purple – Alice Walker
The Color Purple, by Alice Walker, received the Pulitzer Prize and the National Book Award, but the book has been frequently challenged and banned for what has been termed “sexual and social explicitness.” The novel involves sexual assault and abuse. Despite the controversies concerning this title, the book was made into a motion picture.
9. Candide – Voltaire
10. Catcher in the Rye – J.D. Salinger
First published in 1951, The Catcher in the Rye details 48 hours in the life of Holden Caulfield. The novel is the only novel-length work by J.D. Salinger, and its history has been colorful. The Catcher in the Rye is famous as the most censored, banned and challenged book between 1966 and 1975 for being “obscene,” with an “excess of vulgar language, sexual scenes, and things concerning moral issues.”
11. Fahrenheit 451 – Ray Bradbury
12. Grapes of Wrath – John Steinbeck
Grapes of Wrath is a great American epic novel by John Steinbeck. Grapes of Wrath depicts the journey of a family from the Dust Bowl Oklahoma to California in search for a new life. Because of its vivid portrayal of a family during the Great Depression, the novel is often used in American literature and history classrooms. The book has been banned and challenged for “vulgar” language. Parents have also objected to “inappropriate sexual references.”
13. Gulliver’s Travels – Jonathan Swift
Gulliver’s Travels is a famous satirical novel by Jonathan Swift, but the work has also been banned for the displays of madness, the public urination, and other controversial topics. Here, we are transported to through the dystopian experiences of Lemuel Gulliver, as he sees giants, talking horses, cities in the sky, and much more. The book was originally censored because of the politically sensitive references Swift makes in his novel. Gulliver’s Travels was also banned in Ireland for being “wicked and obscene.” William Mackpiece Thackeray said of the book that it was “horrible, shameful, blasphemous, filthy in word, filthy in thought.”
14. I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings – Maya Angelou
I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings is an autobiographical novel Maya Angelou. The book is often banned on sexual grounds (specifically, the book mentions her rape, when she was a young girl). In Kansas, parents attempted to ban the book, based on the “vulgar language, sexual explicitness, or violent imagery that is gratuitously employed.” I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings is a coming of age story–packed with unforgettable poetic passages.
15. James and the Giant Peach – Roald Dahl
James and the Giant Peach is a famous work by Roald Dahl. This book has been frequently challenged and banned for its content, including the abuse that James experiences. Others have claimed that the book promotes alcohol and drug use, that it contains inappropriate language, and that it encourages disobedience to parents.
16. Lady Chatterley’s Lover – D.H. Lawrence
Published in 1928, D.H. Lawrence’s Lady Chatterley’s Lover has been banned for its sexually explicit nature. Lawrence wrote three versions of the novel.
17. Light in the Attic – Shel Silverstein
A Light in the Attic is a book that’s been beloved by young and old. The book is by Shel Silverstein. It has been banned because of “suggestive illustrations.” One library also claimed that the book “glorified Satan, suicide and cannibalism, and also encouraged children to be disobedient.”
18. Lord of the Flies – William Golding
The Lord of the Flies is a novel by William Golding. Before the book was finally published, it was turned down by more than 20 publishers. The book is about a group of school boys who create their own civilization. Despite the fact that The Lord of the Flies was a bestseller, the novel has been banned and challenged–based on the “excessive violence and bad language.” For his body of work, William Golding received the Nobel Prize for literature and he was knighted.
19. Madame Bovary – Gustave Flaubert
Published in 1857, Gustave Flaubert’s Madame Bovary was banned on sexual grounds. In the trial, Imperial Advocate Ernest Pinard said, “No gauze for him, no veils–he gives us nature in all her nudity and crudity.” Madame Bovary is a woman full of dreams–without any hope of finding a reality that will fulfill her hopes. She marries a provincial doctor, tries to find love in all the wrong places, and eventually brings about her own ruination. In the end, she escapes in the only way she knows how. This novel is an exploration of the life of a woman who dreams too large. Here adultery and other actions have been controversial.
20. Moll Flanders – Daniel Defoe
21. Of Mice and Men – John Steinbeck
22. Scarlet Letter – Nathaniel Hawthorne
Published in 1850, Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter was censored on sexual grounds. The book has been challenged under claims that it is “pornographic and obscene.” The story centers around Hester Prynne, an young Puritan woman with an illegitimate child. Hester is ostracized and marked with the scarlet letter, “A.” Because of her illicit affair, and the resulting child, the book has been controversial.
23. Song of Solomon – Toni Morrison
Song of Solomon is a novel by Toni Morrison (Nobel laureate in literature). The book has been controversial on social and sexual grounds. References to African Americans have been controversial; also a parent in Georgia claimed it was “filthy and inappropriate.” Variously, Song of Solomon has been called “filth,” “trash,” and “repulsive.”
24. To Kill a Mockingbird – Harper Lee
To Kill a Mockingbird is the only novel by Harper Lee. The book has been frequently banned and challenged on sexual and social grounds. Not only does the novel discuss racial issues in the South, but the book involves a white attorney (Atticus Finch) defending a black man against rape charges (and all that such a defense entails). The central character is a young girl (Scout Finch) in a coming of age story–fraught with social and psychological issues.
25. Ulysses – James Joyce
Published in 1918, James Joyce’s Ulysses was banned on sexual grounds. Leopold Bloom sees a woman on the seashore, and his actions during that event have been considered controversial. Also, Bloom thinks about his wife’s affair, as he walks through Dublin, Ireland on a famous day (we now know it as Bloomsday). In 1922, 500 copies of the book were burned by the United States Department of the Post Office.
26. Uncle Tom’s Cabin – Harriet Beecher Stowe
Published in 1852, Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin was controversial. When President Lincoln saw Stowe, he purportedly said, “So you’re the little woman who wrote the book that made this great war.” The novel has been been banned for language concerns, as well as on social grounds. The book has been controversial for its portrayal of African Americans.
27. Wrinkle in Time – Madeleine L’Engle
- Critic’s Notebook: Forget What You Know of Twain, Then Delight in Your Rediscovery (nytimes.com)
- Odds and Bookends: July 16, 2010 (firstbook.org)
- Mark Twain versus the Bible (freethinker.co.uk)
- The Autobiography of Mark Twain (newsweek.com)
- Killing To Kill a Mockingbird (johnwiswell.blogspot.com)
- Mark Twain: Our Original Superstar (time.com)
- You’re never too old to start writing (guardian.co.uk)